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BEIJING DECLARATION ON FOOD SAFETY

 

 

Adopted by consensus[1] by the High-level International Food Safety Forum - "Enhancing Food Safety in a Global Community" held in Beijing, the People's Republic of China on 26 and 27 November 2007

 

In recalling that access to safe food and a nutritionally adequate diet is a right of each individual[2]1 and in recognition that:

 

  • Oversight of food safety is an essential public health function that protects consumers from health risks posed by biological, chemical and physical hazards in food as well as by conditions of food;
  • Foodborne risks, if not controlled, can be major causes of disease and premature death as well as lost productivity and heavy economic burdens;
  • Equal application of food safety measures between countries as well as within countries can improve global food safety;
  • Integrated food safety systems are best suited to address potential risks across the entire food chain from production to consumption;
  • Food safety measures should be based on sound scientific evidence and risk analysis principles and should not unnecessarily create barriers to trade;
  • Production of safe food is primarily the responsibility of the food industry;
  • Education of consumers is critical in promoting safe food practices in the home; and,
  • Interactive communication with consumers is important for assuring that societal values and expectations are considered in the decision-making process.

 

Therefore, all countries are urged to:

 

  • Establish competent food safety authorities as independent and trusted public health bodies within a comprehensive production to consumption legislative framework;
  •  Develop transparent regulation and other measures based on risk analysis to ensure safety of the food supply from production to consumption, harmonized with the guidance of the Codex Alimentarius Commission and other relevant international standards-setting bodies;
  • Ensure adequate and effective enforcement of food safety legislation using risk-based methods, such as the Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point system, where possible;
  • Establish food and total diet monitoring programmes with linkages to human and food-animal disease surveillance systems to obtain rapid and reliable information on prevalence and emergence of foodborne diseases and hazards in the food supply;
  • Establish procedures, including tracing and recall systems in conjunction with industry, to rapidly identify, investigate and control food safety incidents and to advise WHO of those that fall under the International Health Regulations (IHR) (2005) through the International Food Safety Authorities Network (INFOSAN) and the National IHR Focal Point;
  • Communicate and consult effectively with consumers, the food industry, and other stakeholders in developing, implementing and reviewing food safety policies and priorities, including education and other matters of concern; and
  • Expedite the strengthening of food safety capacities through effective cooperation between developing and developed countries as well as among developing countries, thus promoting safer food for all.

 



[1]The Australian delegation was unable to speak on behalf of the Australian Government because of caretaker conventions following the recent election.

[2]World Declaration on Nutrition (1992) FAO/WHO International Conference on Nutrition, Rome

 

 

北京食品安全宣言

 

北京食品安全宣言已获得2007年11月26日至27日在中华人民共和国北京举行的“国际食品安全高层论坛:加强全球食品安全”一致通过[1]

鉴于获得安全食品和适当营养的饮食是每个人的权利[2]我们认识到:

    ●食品安全监管是一项重要的公共健康职能,旨在保护消费者免受食物中生物、化学和物理危害所引起的健康风险以及其他与食品相关的条件所造成的健康风险;

●食源性危害,如果不加以控制,会成为疾病、夭折以及生产力丧失和沉重经济负担的主要原因;

●国与国之间以及各国之间在食品安全方面所实施的公平的措施会改善全球食品安全;

●全面的食品安全监管体系有利于解决从生产到消费整个食品链中潜在的危害;

●食品安全措施应当以充分的科学依据和风险分析原则为基础,并且不应对贸易造成不必要的壁垒;

●生产安全的食品是食品产业的基本责任;

●教育消费者在家里提高安全食品规范至关重要,以及

●与消费者进行互动也是重要的,可以确保社会价值和期望值在决策过程中得到考虑。

 

    因此,我们敦促所有国家:

●在完整的从生产到消费的法律框架内设立食品安全职能部门,使之成为独立的、让人信赖的公共健康机构;

●制定以风险分析为基础的、透明的法规与其它措施,确保从生产到消费的食品供应的安全,并与食品法典委员会以及其他相关国际标准制定机构的指南相协调;

●确保充分并有效地实施食品安全法律,尽可能地采用以风险为基础的方法,如危害分析及关键控制点方法;

●制定与人和食用动物疾病监控体系相关联的食品与总膳食监测计划,以快速获取食品供应中食源性疾病和危害流行与发生的可信信息;

●制定程序,包括与产业相关的追溯及召回体系,以便快速鉴别、调查和控制食品安全事件,并按国际卫生条例(2005)的规定通过国际食品安全管理机构网络(INFOSAN)和《国际卫生条例》国家联络点向世界卫生组织通报相关事件;

●在制定、执行和审议食品安全政策与重要事项,包括教育和其他受到关注的问题时,与消费者、食品产业和其他利益攸关方进行有效且持续的沟通与磋商;以及

●要通过发展中国家和发达国家之间,以及发展中国家之间有效的合作,来加快食品安全能力建设,以确保大家获得更安全的食品。



[1]澳大利亚代表团因大选的惯例不能代表澳大利亚政府表明立场。

[2]FAO/WHO罗马国际营养大会世界营养宣言(1992)。

 

 

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