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塞拉利昂霍乱- 最新简报

塞拉利昂霍乱- 最新简报

2012年8月22日-自年初以来,塞拉利昂已记录发生了11653例霍乱病例,伴有216例死亡病例(病死率为1.9%)。自八月初以来,新发病例的比率出现快速上升:从那时起,已记录发生5706例病例,并且Bonthe及Kono这两个新区已受到本次疫情的影响。该国的13个区中,有10个区现已登记出现病例,这一扩散状况突出了快速加大应对力度的必要性。

西区和Tonkolili属于受疫情影响最重的两个区。

塞拉利昂总统已经宣布这一不断加重的霍乱疫情为“人道主义危机”。因此,已经采取了一种多部门应对方式,这包括卫生部以及其它主要部委,比如财政、信息和交流以及地方政府,还有合作伙伴和利益攸关方。已经设立了一个国家紧急事务工作组,几个分委员会处理监督、病例管理、饮用水和环境卫生、后勤事务和社会动员问题。世卫组织驻塞拉利昂国家办事处正主持每周与合作伙伴和利益攸关方召开的会议,以更好的协调、统一提供的支持并使其具有战略性。

卫生部与无国界医生组织、联合国儿童基金会、世卫组织和其它合作伙伴合作,正在落实下列防控活动:流行病学调查、监测、在已经设立的霍乱治疗中心实施病例管理、饮用水和环境控制措施、社会动员以及社区宣教。

世卫组织正在流行病学、社会动员和监测方面向塞拉利昂提供支持。世卫组织已经从津巴布韦派出了两名流行病学家和三名霍乱专家,支持协调、公共信息、社会动员、病例管理和感染控制工作。

世卫组织不建议对塞拉利昂实行任何旅行或贸易限制。

 

Cholera in Sierra Leone

22 August 2012 - Since the beginning of the year, Sierra Leone has recorded 11,653 cases of cholera, with 216 deaths (Case Fatality Rate of 1.9%). The rate of new cases has accelerated rapidly since the beginning of August: since then, 5706 cases have been recorded, and two new districts, Bonthe and Kono, have been affected by the epidemic . Ten of the country’s 13 districts are now registering cases and this spread emphasizes the need to rapidly scale up the response.

The two most heavily affected districts are Western Area and Tonkolili.

The President of Sierra Leone has declared the escalating cholera epidemic a “humanitarian crisis”. Consequently, a multi-sectoral approach to the response has been adopted involving the Ministry of Health and Sanitation (MOHS), as well as other line ministries such as Finance, Information and Communication, and Local government, together with partners and stakeholders. A National Emergency Task force has been established with sub-committees dealing with surveillance, case management, water and sanitation, logistics and social mobilization. The WHO Country Office (WCO) in Sierra Leone is chairing a weekly meeting of partners and stakeholders to better coordinate harmonize and strategize support.

The MOHS, in partnership with Médecins sans Frontières (MSF), UNICEF, WHO, and other partners, is implementing the following prevention and control activities: epidemiological investigation, surveillance, case management at established cholera treatment centres, water and sanitation control measures, social mobilization and community education.

WHO is supporting Sierra Leone in the areas of epidemiology, social mobilization and surveillance. WHO has deployed two (2) epidemiologists, and three (3) cholera experts from Zimbabwe to support coordination, public information, social mobilization, case management and infection control.

WHO does not recommend that any travel or trade restrictions be applied to Sierra Leone.