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乌干达马尔堡出血热—最新简报

乌干达马尔堡出血热最新简报

20121031 - 截至20121028日,已有五个区总共报告发生了18例病例和9例死亡,包括一名卫生工作者。这五个区分别为:乌干达西南部的卡巴莱、坎帕拉(首都城市)、伊班达、姆巴拉拉和卡巴罗莱。病死率为50%。乌干达卫生部于20121019日对本次疫情做了宣布。乌干达病毒研究所(UVRI)已确认9个病例的血样中存有马尔堡病毒。

目前,有13位病人已被收住入院(坎帕拉2名、卡巴莱8名、伊班达3名)。这些病人的接触者已被列入每日追踪之列。最新一名确诊病例于20121026日被收住到伊班达区的隔离病房。

世界卫生组织(世卫组织)和国际合作伙伴正在支持国家行政部门开展疫情调查并作出应对。这些伙伴包括:美国疾病控制和预防中心(CDC)、乌干达红十字会(URCS)、非洲现场流行病学网络(AFENET)及无国界医生组织(MSF)。国家工作组已经另外确定了一些卫生保健工作者和流行病学家,用以加强现场工作队伍。正在对卫生工作者开展感染预防和控制、监测和临床病例管理方面的培训。正在开展社会动员活动,这包括散发宣传(信息、教育及交流)材料,使人们了解马尔堡的预防和控制问题并且通过广播发布信息。由世卫组织提供的首批个人防护装备(PPE)已在上周末运达。

世卫组织区域办事处向乌干达派出了一名流行病学家和一名后勤工作人员,对现场应对工作队提供支持。此外,已经从世卫组织驻赞比亚国家办事处调来一名社会动员专家,并从区域快速应对小组调来一名后勤工作人员,可立刻派往现场。全球疫情警报和反应网络(GOARN)正在确定更多专家。

随着疫情调查工作的继续,世卫组织和合作伙伴继续视需要在协调、感染预防和控制、监测、流行病学、公众信息和社会动员、人类学分析以及疫情应对的后勤事务方面对国家行政部门提供支持。

已经与周边国家取得联系,加强跨境监测和防范工作,防止本次疫情出现跨境传播。

世卫组织建议,没有必要对乌干达实行任何旅行或者贸易限制。

 

 

Marburg haemorrhagic fever in Uganda - update

31 October 2012 - As of 28 October 2012, a total of 18 cases and 9 deaths, including a health worker, have been reported from 5 districts namely Kabale district, in south-western Uganda, Kampala (the capital city), Ibanda, Mbarara and Kabarole. The case fatality rate is 50%. The outbreak was declared by the Ministry of Health in Uganda on 19 October 2012. Blood samples from 9 cases have been confirmed for Marburg virus at the Uganda Virus Research Institute (UVRI).

Currently, 13 patients have been admitted to hospital (2 in Kampala, 8 in Kabale, 3 in Ibanda) and their contacts are listed for daily follow up. The latest confirmed case was admitted to Ibanda district isolation ward on 26 October 2012.

The World Health Organization (WHO) and international partners including, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the Uganda Red Cross (URCS), African Field Epidemiology Network (AFENET) and Médecins-Sans-Frontières (MSF) are supporting the national authorities in outbreak investigation and response. The national task force has identified additional health care workers and epidemiologists to strengthen the teams in the field. Training of health workers on infection prevention and control, surveillance and clinical case management is ongoing. Social mobilization activities are being conducted which include the dissemination of IEC (Information Education Communication) material, sensitization on Marburg prevention and control and broadcast of information through radio channels. The first shipment of personal protective equipment (PPE) provided by WHO arrived over the weekend.

The WHO Regional office has deployed an epidemiologist and a logistician to Uganda to support the response teams on the ground. In addition, a social mobilization expert from WHO Zambia Country Office and a logistician from the Regional Rapid Response Team network have been mobilized for immediate deployment. More experts are being identified by the Global Outbreak Alert and Response Network (GOARN).

As the investigation into the outbreak continues, WHO and partners continue to support the national authorities as needed in the areas of coordination, infection prevention and control, surveillance, epidemiology, public information and social mobilization, anthropological analysis and logistics for outbreak response.

Neighbouring countries have been contacted to strengthen cross border surveillance and preparedness to prevent cross border spread of the outbreak.

WHO advises that there is no need for any restrictions on travel or trade with Uganda.